In one case, a woman had been subjected to 15 years of violence by her husband. “He would beat her severely until she would lose consciousness,” the lawyer said. To try to escape her husband’s asian-date.net/central-asia/kyrgyzstan-women threats, the woman jumped from a building with her baby. With no regard for the domestic abuse that drove her to jump, officials prosecuted her for attempting to kill her child. She is awaiting appeal in detention and is not receiving psychological or other assistance as a victim of abuse, the lawyer said. Of 7,178 family violence cases registered in 2018, 369 serious criminal cases were initiated – approximately 5 percent.
This means that a woman subjected to violence first files a complaint with the police and then pays the fine for being beaten. First, it is a challenge to train women leaders from among the younger generation, as the women’s movement has not seen the influx of young people into its ranks. Second, the state does not provide support to women’s organizations, even those that protect the rights of women and provide them with social support. Third, in the context of the growing influence of religion in the socialization of the younger generation, women’s organizations and groups acting under the auspices of religious and so-called traditional values are becoming more active. Fourth, over the past two years, public opinion has formed a negative view of NGOs as biased by the ideas of the West, which has of course had a negative impact on women’s organizations. Initially, women’s NGOs arose in the cities, which can be explained by the relatively high political culture of city-dwellers compared to the rural population.
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- Internal Affairs Ministry data shows that police registered 2,701 cases of domestic violence and issued 2,623 protection orders between January and March 2019, with only 83 extended beyond 3 days.
- Kyrgyzstan’s government should expand the Family Violence Law’s definition of “family” to include unmarried partners, former partners, and relatives of current or former partners or spouses, regardless of whether they are cohabiting.
- Representatives of participating States showcased efforts to support women in leadership positions and programs to address violence.
In December 2011, the four police officers who had tortured him were charged with abuse of power and unlawfully entering his house. Sharobodin Yuldashev was sentenced to 16 years’ imprisonment for participating in mass riots, destroying property, robbery and taking hostages. In August, the Law on Protection from False and Inaccurate Information was signed by the president, amid concerns that it unduly restricted the right to freedom of expression and could prevent criticism of public figures. It empowered unnamed state bodies to shut down or block websites for publishing “false or inaccurate” information, on the basis of a complaint by a private individual or a legal entity. In March, civil society activist Tilekmat Kurenov was detained and later charged with “calling for mass riots” and for the “violent overthrow of the government”.
“I’ve learned from personal experience that the best way to pass laws that guarantee the rights of everyone is to get women seats at the decision making table. “Our prevention work under the Spotlight Initiative targets all levels of society, and each project helps to reinforce the changes needed to transform harmful social norms, behaviours and practices. Prevention work can sometimes feel hopeless, but it is about changing one family or one media story at a time. After the journalists had completed the course, the 17 participating media organizations and the Ministry of Culture, Information, Sports and Youth Policy co-developed and adopted a Gender Code.
Freedom of expression
“It doesn’t matter if you give it to every member of the family saying what he can’t do – it has no power,” said the director of a crisis center in Osh, southern Kyrgyzstan’s largest city. The Working Groups are part of what is known as theSpecial Proceduresof the Human Rights Council. Special Procedures, the largest body of independent experts in the UN Human Rights system, is the general name of the Council’s independent fact-finding and monitoring mechanisms.
Kyrgyzstan’s government has taken steps to improve prevention, protection, and response regarding violence against women and girls. Measures include criminalization of domestic violence in the January 2019 Code of Misdemeanors, the adoption of a strengthened Law on Prevention and Protection Against Family Violence in 2017, and the criminalization of religious marriages of children in 2016.
“The Breath of the Government on My Back”
Abduraupova believes the widespread practice of questioning the victim and her abuser together in the same room must change because it puts unnecessary pressure on the woman. In some cases, the perpetrators are sentenced to a few days in custody for beating their wives.
Farangis Najibullah is a senior correspondent for RFE/RL who has reported on a wide range of topics from Central Asia, including the impact of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine on the region. She has extensively covered efforts by Central Asian states to repatriate and reintegrate their citizens who joined Islamic State in Syria and Iraq. In the rural district of Alamudun in northern Chui Province, it took one woman enduring 11 years of physical violence from her husband to finally leave him and seek a divorce. The number puts the country on track to match the more than 10,100 cases of domestic abuse recorded last year, which was a 30 percent increase from 2020. In a step in the right direction, on 20 December 2012, the Parliament approved legislation toughening the penalty for the widely-practiced custom of bride-kidnapping.